Rug Weaving Tools
Our rugs are weaved on a vertical loom. It consists of
two buttresses, assembled vertically with some space between
them, upper and lower cloth-beams (two cylinders, on which
the base is thrown over), upper and lower "tsepets"
(the upper divide the base into pears and form the harness;
the lower one is for dividing the motives in the beginning.
The loom must be
steadily fixed, in order not to curve the woven. The loom's
purpose is to hold the threads in the base stretched, separated
and well-arranged at equal spaces one from another. Usually
the looms are made from wood with several metal elements that
help the loom and yarn-beam get settled. In the cource of
milleniums the instruments and weaving tehnique haven't changed
their nature. In the past wooden cotters
were used for straining the base, but nowadays this is done
by means of metal screws. When some of the houses are built
the place in which the loom will be is designed in advance
and in order to get it steady some additional elements get
built in the walls. In other houses, the yarn-beams are fixed
directly to the ceiling and floor, without using any sideway
instrument in the handmade rugs looming is called "tupitsa".
This is a peculiar comb with a few long teeth and a handle.
Usually it is made of wood but metal is also possible. It
exists in deferent size and weight. The tupitsa is used for
hitting the weft, so that it is pressed and the rug is
thick and lasting.
After the rug is loomed, the unnecessary base and the jutting out
reminders of the weft are cut off with scissors.
"Vitel" is a wooden
roundabout, which is used when unwinding the yarn from skeins
to "kanurs". The "kanur" is a small roll of yarn (weft) winded
up by hand, which can shove easy through the threads from