Rug Weaving Technique
The our rug’s woven is smooth, double-side, equal on both sides.
The structure is very simple. It consists of vertical threads
for the warp and consecutively weaved horizontal threads from
the weft, interweaved with the warp.
The rugs are
manufacrured on vertical loom. On two horizontal yarn-beams is
vertically stretched the warp. The colourful weft, winded
up on "kanurs", shove through the threads of the warp, parallel
to each other. They form an "area" in the same colour. The
threads on the weft are hit with "tupitsa", until the woven
becomes thick and the weft cover the warp. The motives are
formed by using one colour not from the beginning till the
end, but only in the area needed, according to the design.
After the weft is shoved through a few times, one or two threads
from the warp should be sidesteped from the right or
the left. An area of new colour starts right where the area
of the previous colour ends.
There are two methods
of looming in the carpets and rugs producing. In the first
one, the threads must be left only by pears – 2 or 4. Then,
when two wefts in different colours meat, a cleft appears.
It can reach 8mm in its warp. This is typical for the older
and standard models.
In the second method,
only one thread is left. In this way, the figures pictured
have more beautiful and elegant design, the shapes are more
oval and artistic, the carpets and rugs are more fascinating
and unique, and the mastery and imagination of the particular
weaver come to the fore.