Rug Weaving Materials
geographic conditions and climate in Bulgaria has great influence
on the development of the kilim rugs manufactoring. The rich pastures
and lush mountain meadows allow breeding sheep, and they give
plenty of wool. Because of that, the major material used in
the handmade kilim rugs is sheep wool.
In the rugs the wool is mostly used for a weft. But it’s possible
to be used for the warp, too. For manufacturing kilim rugs
is used only high quality wool.
There are several
steps in preparing the wool for making rugs. After shearing
the sheep the wool is being dried and combed. Thorns, splinters
and felts which lower its quality and can be a problem for
its future treatment, must be removed. After that the wool
is ‘dragged’ on a carding-machine or a gill, to be cleaned
from tiny adulterants and fluffed
on distaff-ful. To be made the yarn, the distaff-ful must
be put on distaff and spinned with spindle or spinning-wheel.
The priority of the spinning-wheel is not only the faster
spinning but twisting of two
or more threads, so that the yarn is stronger.
The wool is harmless
natural material, pleasant and healthy when you touch it.
It also keep warm. It’s easy for varnishing and keeps the
colors for a really long time. Also in its natural colors
the wool can be white, yellow, brown or black. As for the
property it’s handy for working with it. It isn’t electrostatic,
doesn’t hold and doesn’t attract dust.
For the warp is used cotton. The cotton is natural plant harmless material.
It is used for warp because of its good spinning qualities (thin
and even fibre), strength and bigger firmness on atmospheric
changes. Its elasticity made it good for using as a warp.
Moreover, the moths don’t infest it so rugs made
with cotton warp have longer life. The cotton treatment is
the same as the wool.